Your Wednesday Briefing – The New York Times

Good morning. We’re covering Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan and new U.S. sanctions against allies of Vladimir Putin.

Nancy Pelosi met with Tsai Ing-wen, Taiwan’s president, after visiting Taiwan’s Legislature earlier today.

In what is likely to be considered an affront in China, the U.S. House speaker is also likely to hold discussions with a number of human rights leaders this afternoon, before she departs. She said her visit to the self-governed island was a sign of the United States’ “unwavering commitment” to supporting its democracy.

The high-profile meetings set the stage for further tensions with China, which claims Taiwan as its territory. Shortly after Pelosi landed, Chinese diplomats said that her trip “seriously undermines” Beijing’s sovereignty, keeping up a growing drumbeat of anger in China toward the U.S.

And China’s military announced live-fire drills that appear to infringe on Taiwan’s territorial waters. A state news agency warned ships and aircraft away for “safety reasons.” Here are live updates.

The Biden administration announced a major new round of sanctions on Russian entities yesterday, including dozens of companies, oligarchs close to the Kremlin and technology institutions with ties to the military.

They also target a woman believed to be Vladimir Putin’s romantic partner: Alina Kabaeva, a former Olympic gymnast and a member of the Russian Duma.

The move blocks Kabaeva from access to any assets in the U.S. or conducting transactions with Americans, and it denies her a visa to enter the country. She is already under sanctions imposed by the E.U. and Britain.

And the move follows news of the expansion of U.S. aid to Ukraine. On Monday, the U.S. announced that it would send another $550 million in arms to Ukraine, bringing the American investment in the war effort to over $8 billion.

Toll: At least 140,000 residential buildings in Ukraine have been destroyed or damaged, leaving more than 3.5 million people homeless. Civilians are stockpiling firewood and coal in preparation for winter.

Rights: Volodymyr Zelensky, Ukraine’s president, raised the prospect of “civil partnerships” yesterday. The war is a catalyst: L.G.B.T.Q. soldiers are fighting for their country, but their partners lack legal rights.

At sea: Sailors usually don’t usually discuss politics. The war is testing that norm for Ukrainian and Russian crew members on commercial vessels.

Boris Johnson, the British prime minister, is set to leave office in September. But few expect him to step out of the spotlight — or abandon the prospect of one day regaining his position.

Less than three weeks after he announced his resignation amid a succession of scandals, rumors have already started swirling about a possible comeback. Recently, he posed in a fighter jet, then at a military base where he hurled a hand grenade, used a machine gun and held a rocket launcher during an exercise with Ukrainian troops.

And at his final appearance in Parliament as prime minister, Johnson’s verdict on his three tumultuous years in Downing Street was “mission largely accomplished — for now,” before he signed off with words from a “Terminator” movie: “Hasta la vista, baby.”

What’s next: Either Liz Truss, the foreign secretary, or Rishi Sunak, the former chancellor of the Exchequer, will take over. Johnson’s allies expect him to try to stay in Parliament to defend his legacy and key policy initiatives.

As Libya again tips toward chaos, there’s little room for reconciliation. One town, Tarhuna, is struggling to find justice after the reign of a murderous band of brothers. But residents can’t even find the bodies of their relatives.

“When you say to me, ‘make peace,’ how can I make peace with someone with blood on his hands?” one woman asked. “How can I shake his hand?”

Almost every object in Hebrew has a gender: A table is masculine; a door is feminine. In recent years, some Israelis have been pushing to modify the language, and even the alphabet, to deal with what they see as its inherent biases.

One snarl: Hebrew lacks gender-neutral pronouns. People once reverted to the masculine plural to refer to a mixed-gender crowd. Some have begun using both the masculine and feminine forms of each verb and pronoun, along with corresponding adjectives — or just using the feminine form.

Critics call that cumbersome, needless tinkering: “I’m against clumsiness,” a journalist said. Some ultraconservative Jews oppose the new focus on equality on principle.

And Hebrew is more than just the official language of the Jewish state: It’s a binding marker of identity. The modern form has roots in biblical times. But it has retained the grammatical norms of ancient patriarchies.

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